List of literary terms with expanded explicit and implicit meanings to learn
Literature is the window for life and it bridges the readers from all walks of life to the works of creative imagination. It is a soul-replica that helps strengthen the readers’ commitment to develop themselves by embracing international ideals of value system, sociocultural awareness, as well as the other aspects of universal heritage. It comes by diverse viewpoints, definitions and uses of it, and it comes up with a unified “connotative meaning” that literature is something that reflects society, makes us think about ourselves and our society and allows us to enjoy language and beauty. It is also used to describe anything from creative writing to more literary, technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to point out to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.
Personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or one of the lower animals is spoken of or given abilities as if it were a person. It also ascribes intelligence or emotion to abstract notions or inanimate things to make the situation alive and kicking.
Derivation indicates the origin of a word which is called etymology and it maybe twofold: 1) less commonly, a narrative account of how a word was formed or was given its meaning; and 2) the foreign languages through which the words evolved into English form. Thus, derivations are generally entered between brackets near the beginning or at the end of the vocabulary entry. It is the formation of a new word or stem from another word. It typically occurs by the addition of an affix.
Abstract should be written in a third person point of view (see example of the abstract in the 3rd person point of view). It is a shortened version of a longer piece of writing that highlights the major points covered, briefly depicting the content and scope of writing, and reviews the writing’s contents in encapsulated form. It is not long and it is only about a paragraph. Six sentences are enough for writing an abstract.
Technical analysis refers to thinking in a conditioned pattern analyzing comprehensively the uses and functions of the plotted parts of the story. It is the study of literary charts and indicators to determine the progress and chronological order of the story with the use of plotted schema and techniques to examine various aspects of literary levels of interpretation.
Plot is the story line or the structure of a story. It is a series of meaningful events in the story like for example, you have the exposition where all the characters, setting, language and style are recognized and you find the involution or rising action where it may raise to another part and then there is the climax which is where the excitement or interest takes place which where they work out the problem and second to last there is the falling action which commences by degrees to end the story and last there is the denouement or resolution which ends the story.
Exposition is the background information on the characters, setting, language and style explained at the beginning of the story. It will often have information about events that transpired before the story commenced. It is often the very first part of the plot.
Involution of a story is the series of events that build up and create rising action or tension. This tension is an outcome of the fundamental conflict that exists and makes the story interesting. The types of conflict are man vs. nature, man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. God and man vs. himself.
Climax is when the situation or major part finally gets excited and resolved. It is the turning point and it is where something unexpected will occur and things start going to the falling action and resolution of the story.
Falling action is done after the excitement or turning point of an event; the falling action can seem something of an anti-climax and it is the sequence of events that follow the climax and end in the denouement. This is in contrast to the involution which leads up to the plot’s climax. It can always be found after the climax when it goes down until it reaches the denouement.
Denouement refers to the events following the climax of a drama or novel in which such a resolution or clarification happens. It is the conclusion or final resolution of a dramatic or narrative plot. Denouement is also the resulting outcome from the events and problems throughout the entire story. The ending part of a story is sad, happy, adventurous, comedic or tragic.
Theme is the notion that becomes apparent to the reader when he comes to the ending part of a story. It is a message, a broad concept or moral of a story wherein the message itself indicates life, society or human nature. It is the insight that is worth-keeping and sharing with in-depth analysis in analyzing a meaningful event of a story. It can also be taken into account as subject of discourse, discussion, meditation or composition to be banked on a story.
Point of view refers to the angle from which a story is told. It is the position which the narrator takes in the story or the perspective from which a speaker recounts a narrative. Every author has a genre in apprising or telling a story. He may use his character to relate the incidents or he may tell the story himself. The kinds of point of view are first person point of view, second person point of view, third person point of view (limited, central and omniscient).
Story interpretation is based solely on literal level, interpretative level and evaluative level. It is the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic story performance from something denotative and from something metaphorical or evaluative. The portion of a text will be extracted literally from a book and will be expounded on it according to implicit standpoints.
Symbolism and allegory, the two words have been used by the teachers as artists since the beginning of time. Symbols are used to represent abstract concept instead of a literal meaning. They will point out as regards the importance of a test symbolically and the allegory is something like a comparison or contrast, more on spiritual aspects. In other words, it has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract notions. Thus an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. To give more examples of an allegory, say for instance, the apple that Adam receives from Eve is symbolic of the “knowledge of God and Evil” and is thus allegorical. The serpent is often read as an allegory signifying the tempter, or true evil. In the New Testament, the Good Samaritan is an allegory representing the right thinking and compassionate person. This is a precise rhetorical use of an allegory.
Form and structure of a story will determine the overview or perspective of the entire story. Thus, the form can be a comedy, a drama, a narrative or an adventure while the structure is something that recounts and segregates the major events to encapsulate the whole story in a chronological order with prescribed “complete sentences” (from 5 to 10 sentences).
Moral of the story is like giving something, a very important lesson which is extracted implicitly from a book. The moral values are important for the kids to learn: fairytale and happy endings with romance and riches are nice but some family movies and adventures have the best example for bonding together that can further give a moral to the members of the family. Likewise, the story is moral if it is spiritually injected with some values and inspiring lessons–a few sentences to make the teachers and students publicly known. The teacher will give insightful ideas to his students about morality according to the norms of society and vantage points.